Dental surgery consists of a number of medical procedures that involve artificially modifying dentition or in another word, a surgery of the teeth and jaw bones. The surgery is conducted for Impacted Teeth, Dental Implants and Dental Curettage.
An impacted tooth is a tooth that fails to fully pass through the gums. Teeth start to pass through the gums (emerge) during infancy, and again when the primary (baby) teeth are replaced by the permanent teeth. If a tooth fails to emerge, or emerges only partially, it is considered to be impacted. The most common teeth to become impacted are the wisdom teeth (the third set of molars). They are the last teeth to emerge, usually between the ages of 17 and 21.
A dental implant is a small, sturdy, titanium post that acts as a root structure would for a natural tooth. It is placed into your upper or lower jaw bone. After the bone has grown around the implant, it can hold a crown, bridge or over-denture just like roots hold natural teeth in place. Implants are very durable and can last a lifetime. They require the same maintenance as natural teeth. This includes brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups. A single tooth or a full arch of teeth which have been lost due to injury or disease can be replaced with dental implants. Titanium metal is used because of its compatibility with bone and oral tissues.
Curettage is a medical procedure to remove tissue by scraping or scooping. It basically involves using a surgical instrument called curette, hence called curettage.
In dentistry, curettage can be explained as a deep scaling of a particular portion of the teeth that is below the gum line. The main purpose is to remove calculus and infected gum tissue.
In curettage procedures, instruments are used to cut away dead tissue. The idea is that such tissue can contribute to inflammation, infection, and a bad odor, and that removal of the damaged tissue will promote the development of healthy tissues. There are several different types of dental curettage commonly used. These include ultrasonic curettage which uses an ultrasonic dental instrument and surgical curettage, in which a flap of gum is cut and rotated away so that a pocket of infected tissue can be cleaned out before the flap is rotated back and fixed in place.